Delhi!! Generally whenever we listen the name of this place, capital city of India or one of the union territory of India comes to our mind. But the most famous thing we can listen about Delhi is “Dill Waalon Ki Delhi”(Delhi’s People with Big Hearts). Today Delhi and Delhi-NCR(combination of eight cities around Delhi) consists of many places to go around.
Delhi is believed to be most loved place of all the emperors who ruled India and many of them stated it as their capital in past.It is one of the longest serving capital and one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world. Delhi is so vast in its term that it cannot be explained through one article.Therefore ,I will be writing my blog in parts to give you the full idea of Delhi.
As Mirza Ghalib said once “Ik roz apni rooh se poocha, ki dilli kya hai, to yun jawab main keh gaye, yeh duniya mano jism hai aur dilli uski jaan (I asked my soul, ‘What is Delhi?’ It replied: ‘The world is the body, Delhi its soul”)
Many of us love historical monuments and love to know the history behind the architecture .Delhi also consists of such many immensful architectures with great historical background. Delhi’s structured has been admired, studied , documented as well celebrated immensely. As once said that streets of Delhi are not streets there are the creation of painters. And some of the marvel architecture created by them are-
India Gate– India Gate is the most famous landmark of Delhi as well as India, located astride the Rajpath. The All India War Memorial, popularly known as the India Gate is 42-meter tall historical structure designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and is one of the largest war memorials in the country.
Below the India Gate, lies a small shrine-like structure made up of black marble, which always has a fire burning in it. Amar Jawan Jyoti or the Flame of Immortal Soldier was constructed under the India Gate after the Indo-Pakistani war in the year 1971 to pay respect to all the soldiers who died in the Bangladesh Liberation War. The memorial is guarded 24/7 by soldiers of Indian Army, Indian Navy and Air Force.
National War Memorial– The National War Memorial is a structure built to commemorate the fearless heroism of Indian soldiers near to India Gate.
Red Fort-Red Fort is one of the historical place in Delhi and a designated a world heritage site. The fort and complex houses a number of museums, Mahal, Bagh,reservoir and Gate. The Red Fort was the official seat of Mughal rule and authority from 1648 onwards, when the 5th Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, decided to move the capital of the empire from Agra to Delhi. Constructed using red sandstone, it remains one of the architectural marvels of the Mughal era. In 2007, it became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Today, this monument is home to a number of museums that have an assortment of precious artifacts on display. Every year, the Indian Prime Minister unfurls the national flag here on the Independence Day.
Qutub Minar –Qutub Minar is the tallest brick minaret in India and second highest minar in India after Fateh Burj at Punjab. The Qutub Minar complex is a UNESCO world heritage site and one of the must visit historical monument in Delhi. The soaring and brave tower that allures tourists despite being destroyed by ravages of natural apocalypses several times. Its construction was started in 1192 by Qutb Ud-Din-Aibak, founder of Delhi Sultanate. Later, the tower was built by various rulers over the centuries. The sight of this glorious monument takes you back to the rich history of India.
Iron Pillar- Iron Pillar is one of the many mysterious monuments of wonder present in Delhi- the capital of India. Located within the Qutub Minar complex in Mehrauli area of New Delhi, the Iron Pillar has been posing as one of the foremost metallurgical curiosities of the world due to its prowess to not exhibit a speck of rust despite being thousands of years old.
Siri Fort- Siri Fort is among the many renowned monuments of heritage and culture, situated in New Delhi. Located between Hauz Khas on the east and Mehrauli in the north, the construction of the fort is believed to have begun in 1303, during the reign of Alauddin Khilji.
Isa Khan’s Tomb- Located adjacent to Humayun’s Tomb in the same complex in Nizamuddin area of Delhi, Isa Khan Tomb is the final resting place of Isa Khan- a courtesan for Sher Shah Suri and his son Islam Shah Suri. Built during the lifetime of the namesake Pashtun noble, the construction of the monument resembles the architectural patterns in the building of the Sur reign.
Teen Murti Bhavan- Once served as the home of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru for 16 years, today, the Teen Murti Bhavan houses various institutions like the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library and the office of Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund. One of the four Nehru Planetariums is also located within the grounds of the house.
Rajghat- Rajghat is a place where Mahatma Gandhi, Father of the Nation was cremated followed by his assassination in the year 1948. Visitors from all around the world come here to pay their homage.
Humayun’s Tomb –Humayun’s Tomb is one of the most magnificent tomb in India and first garden tomb on the Indian subcontinent. The complex is remarkable structures of the Mughal Empire in India. Apart from being known for its stunning architecture, this is the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site declared in 1993, and has undergone widespread restoration work since then. The tomb was custom-built by Humayun’s son Akbar during 1569-70 and is also the first structure to have made the use of red sandstone at a massive scale.
Rashtrapati Bhavan –Rashtrapati Bhavan of New Delhi is the official home of the President of India and the largest residence of a head of state in the world. The Presidential Residence house many halls,Dome and a beautiful Mughal Garden. Rashtrapati Bhawan is a famous monument of the British Empire which was said to be the palace of the Viceroy of India and is now the home of the President of India. It is considered to be the best-known monument in India next to Taj Mahal and Qutub Minar.
Parliament House –Parliament House of Delhi is a circular shape building surrounded by large gardens. Sansad Bhavan(Parliament House) is also one of the most impressive buildings in Delhi.
Purana Qila –Purana Qila in Delhi is one of the oldest forts in India and managed by Archaeological Survey of India. The site of the Purana Qila has other monuments around the complex. Stoically standing in the placid vicinity of Indraprastha, Purana Qila or the Old Fort is a masterpiece of the ancient glory and sterling architecture of the bygone Mughal Empire, and is one of the oldest forts in Delhi. Built on the banks of river Yamuna and spread over a vast 1.5 kms of area, the monument has tons of myths and legends of the medieval era attached to it.
Jantar Mantar –Jantar Mantar of Delhi is one of the five Jantar Mantar monuments in India. Located in New Delhi, the Jantar Mantar was built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur. The site consists of 13 architectural astronomy instruments. The main purpose of the observatory was to compile the astronomical tables and to predict the movement and timings of the sun, moon and planets.
Lodhi Gardens –Lodhi Gardens is a city park in New Delhi, protected by the Archaeological Survey of India. The garden is one of the historical heritage palace in Delhi. Lodhi Garden is a city park located in Delhi. It has great architectural works of 15 century. The construction of the great work took place under the Lodhi reign.
Tughlaqabad Fort –Tughlaqabad ruined fort is another famous tourist destination in Delhi and one of the abandoned place around Delhi. The fort consists of massive stone fortifications and house many monuments. Tughlaqabad Fort is one of the finest specimens of pure Islamic architecture and has the touch of Sultanate sturdiness about its fortifications.
Tomb of Safdarjung –Tomb of Safdarjung is a garden tomb,located near the Safdarjung Airport. The structure is the last monumental tomb garden of the Mughals in India. Built in 1754, during the reign of Mughal Emperor- Ahmad Shah Bahadur, the namesake tomb is dedicated to the Prime Minister of the court- Safdarjung. Located in the heart of the city, at the junction of Safdarjung Road and Aurobindo Marg, the monument is a low-key tourist attraction of the city.
Lotus Temple –Lotus Temple is a prominent attraction in the city of Delhi and notable in the world for its flowerlike shape. The Lotus Temple of Delhi is the most visited building in the world.
Laxminarayan Temple –Laxminarayan Temple or Birla Mandir of Delhi was the first largest Hindu temple in India and one of the major attractions of Delhi. The temple complex also houses shrine of Lord Buddha, Lord Shiva,Devi Durga and the goddess of Shakti.
Akshardham Temple –Akshardham Temple of New Delhi is the must visit attractions of Delhi, visited by large number of tourists every year. Swaminarayan Akshardham complex houses Theatre,Boat Ride,Musical fountain and Garden of India.
Gurudwara Bangla Sahib –Gurudwara Bangla Sahib is the most prominent Sikh gurdwara in Delhi,situated near Connaught Place. The Gurudwara shrine is dedicated to Guru Harkrishan Sahib, eighth Sikh Guru. It has a ‘Sarovar’ inside it which is considered to be holy.
Agrasen ki Baoli –Agrasen ki Baoli is one of the most famous step well in India and a protected monument of Delhi, located near Connaught Place. Rajon Ki Baoli is another famous stepwell in Mehrauli Archaeological Park of Delhi. A protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India, Agrasen ki Baoli is a 60 meter long and 15-meter wide historical step well on Halley Road, New Delhi. Baoli, also referred to as Baori, is a hindi term for step well.
Jama Masjid –Jama Masjid of Delhi is one of the largest mosques in India, built by Shah Jahan. The mosque has four towers, two 40 m high minarets and three great gates. Mughal emperor Shah Jahan got the Jama Masjid built between 1644 and 1656 on a massive budget. The mosque still has three huge entry gates standing since 1656, when it was completed. The structure is made up of red sandstone and white marble. With a capacity of 25,000 people at one time, the courtyard was built with a great vision. The floor has 899 black markings for worshippers.
Cathedral Church of Redemption –Cathedral Church of Redemption is one of the 7 wonders of Delhi and one of the oldest Anglican church in Delhi. The Cathedral is also known as Viceroy Church and listed as one of the most magnificent churches in India.
So, these are the various historical places where one can go during their visit to the Delhi. Although apart from that there may be other places to visit in Delhi. It was generally, a brief about some historic places later which can be covered widely. Well, atleast once, one should visit all these places in” Dill Walon ki Dilli.”
Keep Travelling !!